This little tree could serve in another of our pruning stories,Cut n expectations, as an example of what's reasonable to expect of a juniper cut back after having been allowed to become too large.
Because it was 'way too big -- larger than what you see below in this year's "before" image, yet still only about half its 40-foot potential -- and since juniper does not develop new leaf from bare wood, it's been a slow process developing some foliage in what was an almost-totally woody center when we first started working on this 5 years ago.
Some of the cuts we made left a big limb an inch in diameter with only a wisp of foliage at its tip. That's a lot of wood to ask a tiny bit of greenery to support! Some of those branches made it, but some eventually died back and had to be taken out entirely.
Yet we see the interior is gradually getting leafier. (Take a look to compare this initial "after" to how it looks two cuts and 5 years later, and judge for yourself.)
So, now we've cut the tree three times -- every two years. We pick up the story here at that third cut.